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Detail Of Single Mode And Multi Mode Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber optic cable has become apparent that fiber-optics are steadily replacing copper wire as an appropriate means of communication signal transmission. They span the long distances between local phone systems as well as providing the backbone for many network systems. Other system users include cable television services, university campuses, office buildings, industrial plants, and electric utility companies.

There are three types of fiber optic cable commonly used:  single mode, multimode and plastic optical fiber (POF).  Although fibers can be made out of transparent plastic, glass, or a combination of the two, the fibers used in long-distance telecommunications applications are always glass, because of the lower optical attenuation.  Both multi-mode and single-mode fibers are used in communications, if you need to transmit less data over longer distances, use single mode fiber optic cables. For a greater data capacity over shorter distances, go with multi mode fiber optic cables, with multi-mode fiber used mostly for short distances (up to 500 m),Multi mode is often used for LANs and other small networks. And single-mode fiber used for longer distance links.

Single Mode Fiber: Single Path through the fiber

Single Mode cable is a single stand (most applications use 2 fibers) of glass fiber with a diameter of 8.3 to 10 microns that has one mode of transmission.  Single Mode Fiber with a relatively narrow diameter, through which only one mode will propagate typically 1310 or 1550nm. Carries higher bandwidth than multimode fiber, but requires a light source with a narrow spectral width.  Single Mode is also referred to as single-mode fiber, single-mode optical waveguide, mono-mode optical fiber and uni-mode fiber. Single-mode fiber gives you a higher rate of transmission, it also can carry the signal up to 50 times farther distance than multimode, at a slightly higher cost.Single-mode fiber has a much smaller core than multimode.

Single Mode fiber is used to connect long distance switches, central offices and SLCs (subscriber loop carriers, small switches in pedestals in subdivisions or office parks or in the basement of a larger building). Practically every telco’s network is now fiber optics except the connection to the home.

Multi Mode Fiber: Multiple Paths through the fiber

Multi-Mode cable has a little bit bigger diameter, with a common diameters in the 50-to-100 micron range for the light carry component (in the US the most common size is 62.5um).Typical multimode fiber core diameters are 50, 62.5, and 100 micrometers.  Multi Mode fiber is used for shorter distances. Most applications in which Multi-mode fiber is used, 2 fibers are used. Multimode fiber gives you high bandwidth at high speeds (10 to 100MBS – Gigabit to 275m to 2km) over medium distances. Light waves are dispersed into numerous paths, or modes, as they travel through the cable’s core typically 850 or 1300nm. Long cable runs (Above 3000 feet 914.4 meters in length), the multiple paths of light are believed to cause signal distortion at the receiving end, resulting in lost packets and incomplete data transmission. IPS recommends the use of single mode fiber in all applications using Gigabit and higher bandwidth.

12 cores Ribbon Indoor Flat Fiber Optic Cable

12 cores Ribbon Indoor Flat Fiber Optic Cable:

pdf.gif 12 cores Ribbon Indoor Flat Fiber Optic Cable Specification

Description:
Fiber count: 12
Optical fiber ribbon Color:
blue/orange/green/brown/grey/white/red/black/yellow/purple/pink/aqua
Aramid yarn
Outer jacket material
PVC/LSZH
Thickness: 0.5±0.1mm

Requirements:

Appearance Slickness, without bumps
Package Wooden drum
Length Not less than 1000M, nearly the same length per drum and other length
upon negotiation.
Test report Attached with OTDR test report,qualified certificate label the style of fiber.

 

Fiber property:

Fiber type Unit Single mode
fiber G652B
Multimode
fiber50/125
Multimode
fiber62.5/125
Multimode
OM3 300
Condition nm 1310/1550 850/1300 850/1300 850/1300
Attenuation dB/km 0.40/0.30 3.5/1.5 3.5/1.5 3.5/1.5
Dispersion 1550nm ps(nm·km) ≤18 —– —– —–
1625nm ps(nm·km) ≤22 —– —– —–
Bandwidth 850nm MHZ·.km —– ≥200 ≥160 ≥1500
1300nm MHZ.  ·km —– ≥200 ≥200 ≥500

Technical Specification:

Fiber Count Dimension Nominal weight Min.Bending Radius Max. Tension(N)
(mm) (kg/km) (mm) Short-term Long-term
Width Height Dynamic Static
4 3.1±0.3 2.5±0.3 10 60 30 150 80
6 3.2±0.3 2.5±0.3 11
5 3.6±0.3 2.5±0.3 13
12 4.2±0.3 2.5±0.3 15

What are Fiber Optic Patch Cables

Fiber optic patch cable, often called fiber optic patch cord or fiber jumper cable, is a fiber optic cable terminated with fiber optic connectors on both ends. It has two major application areas: computer work station to outlet and fiber optic patch panels or optical cross connect distribution center. Fiber optic patch cables are for indoor applications only.

Types of fiber optic patch cables
Fiber optic patch cables can be divided into different types based on fiber cable mode, cable structure, connector types, connector polishing types and cable sizes.

Fiber optic patch Cable Mode:

1. Single mode fiber patch cables:  Single mode fiber optic patch cables use 9/125 micron bulk single mode fiber cable and single mode fiber optic connectors at both ends. Single mode fiber optic cable jacket color is usually yellow. Here is the explanation of what is single mode and single mode fiber.

2. Multimode fiber patch cables: Multimode fiber optic patch cables use 62.5/125 micron or 50/125 micron bulk multimode fiber cable and terminated with multimode fiber optic connectors at both ends.  Multimode fiber optic cable jacket color is usually orange. Here is the explanation of what is multimode and multimode fiber.

3. 10gig multimode fiber optic patch cables:  10Gig multimode fibers are specially designed 50/125 micron fiber optimized for 850nm VCSEL laser based 10Gig Ethernet. They are backward compatible with existing network equipment and provide close to three times the bandwidth of traditional 62.5/125 multimode fibers. 10 Gigabit is rated for distances up to 300 meters using 850nm Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSEL). 10Gig fiber optic cable jacket is usually aqua.

Fiber patch Cable Structure:

1. Simplex fiber optic patch cables: Simplex fiber patch cable has one fiber and one connector on each end.

2. Duplex fiber optic patch cables: Duplex fiber patch cable has two fibers and two connectors on each end. Each fiber is marked “A” or “B” or different colored connector boots are used to mark polarity.

3. Ribbon fan-out cable assembly: For ribbon fan-out cable assembly, one end is ribbon fiber with multi fibers and one ribbon fiber connector such as MTP connector (12 fibers), the other end is multi simplex fiber cables with connectors such as ST, SC, LC, etc.

Source: fiber optic cable manufacturer

The Difference Between Single Mode and Multi Mode Fiber Optics

You’ve probably heard the terms “single mode” and “multi mode” fiber optic cables. But what’s the difference between single mode and multi mode fiber optics? Well, it’s pretty simple – but you have to go INSIDE the cable for the answer.

Basically, the main difference with each type of fiber optic cable is the interior size.

Single mode fibers consist of a tiny glass core that typically has a diameter between 8.3 and 10 microns (9 microns is a popular size). The single glass strand carrier higher bandwidth than multi mode fiber optic. However, the single mode fiber optic uses one light source in a tight spectral width. The result? Single mode fiber optic is your best choice for transferring high speed data over long distances. Their unique properties make single mode less susceptible to attenuation than multi mode fiber optics.
Multi mode fibers contain much larger cores than single mode. Their cores are anywhere from 5 to 7 times larger than single mode cores. With a diameter ranging between 50 to 62.5 microns, multi mode fiber optics can accommodate a higher data volume than single mode. But with the greater capacity comes a setback – multi mode fiber optics have higher attenuation levels, so they’re typically used over shorter distances.
When choosing fiber optic cable for your network, the key considerations should be attenuation and distance. If you need to transmit less data over longer distances, use single mode fiber optic cables. For a greater data capacity over shorter distances, go with multi mode fiber optic cables. Multi mode is often used for LANs and other small networks.

What problems occurs when the transportation and installation of fiber optic cable

Fiber optic cable products is very fragile thing, need to be more specific protection, therefore, fiber optic cable in the transport, laying and installation process should note the following:

  • With the cable tray cable tray should be marked on the side surface direction scroll, scroll, from not too long, usually not more than 20 meters, rolling should be taken to avoid damage to barrier packaging board.
  • Cable should be used forklifts and other handling lifting equipment or special stage, non-optical disc directly from the car rolling or throwing.
  • Prohibited the cable tray with cable or flat stacked, the cable tray in the car need to be fortified wood.
  • Cable should not be set back several times, so the integrity of the internal structure of fiber optic cable, fiber optic cable laying should be carried out before the appearance of inspections and check specifications, quantity, length and attenuation test inspection and acceptance of a single plate, each plate with cable in nursing board with factory test certificate (should be properly kept for future reference), when the demolition of cable shield to guard against damage to the cable.
  • In the construction process should be noted that fiber optic cable bend radius not less than construction requirements, fiber optic cable does not allow excessive bending.
  • Laying overhead cables, through pulley traction, overhead cable to avoid buildings, trees and other facilities friction, avoid sharp mopping the floor or other hard objects with friction and damage to cable sheath, as necessary, installation of protective measures. After the pulley is strictly prohibited forced out of the traction cable, fiber optic cable has been crushed to prevent damage.
  • In the design of optical cable and then the building should be easy to find as much as possible to avoid, such as can not be avoided, cable fire protection measures should be taken.
  • In the relatively long section of cable laying construction, for back plate, cables must comply with Doon “8” dial up. It completely twisted cable status.
  • Fiber Optic Cable box selection must meet the standards of qualified YD/T814-1996 connector box to ensure fiber in the connector box of the radius of curvature of not less than 37.5MM, fiber remaining in the joint box length is not less than 1.6M, cable reinforcements firmly fixed in the connector box, cable and connector box does not occur between the twist, the joint box sealing performance, can prevent moisture from entering.
  • In the splice, the joint bi-directional OTDR attenuation should be based on the average test subject
  • Fiber optic cable laying completed, if not promptly follow treatment, fiber optic cable ends should be sealed to prevent moisture against the fiber.
  • In the splice, if not continue down several times, and then follow a recommended cut off (due to construction of the cable ends may be subject to mechanical damage).
  • Splice completed, should be set aside in the amount of cable connector box at both ends of the cable, and more than a solid plate in the cable rack.
  • Cable network project in one of the important role, not yet come in handy if there are problems before, resulting in economic losses can not be ignored, so the main points of the content of this article we want to focus, to avoid losses and waste.

What is the most important thing to be respected in fiber cable?

During each of the fiber optic cable installation project, we must bear in mind two very important things: First, it is never too bend the fiber cable above the minimum radius of curvature. Second, never pull the cord above the manufacturer-specific cable pulling tension.

Related fiber optic products: fiber optic patch cord, fiber optic pigtail

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The difference between copper and fiber optics?

Although the fiber optic cables may look like traditional copper cables, we should always bear in mind that inside fiber cables are fragile glass fibers which can be broken easily if not properly treated.

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Single Fiber Optic Cable Sets New World Record

The National Institute of Information and Communications in Tokyo has achieved a world speed record of sending 109 terabits per second over a single fiber optic cable. The optical fiber cable the team used contained a single fiber with seven “light-guiding cores,” whereas a regular fiber optic cable contains a single core. Each core managed to carry 15.6 terabits per second.

Tim Strong of TeleGeography Research says that the new record speed is far beyond the world’s current capacity, as the total capacity of one of the world’s busiest routes, between New York and Washington D.C., is only a few terabits per second, a speed dwarfed by the 109 terabits per second record. Strong does point out, however, that traffic has been growing 50 percent each year for the past few years.

The runner-up record-setter, Dayou Qian, achieved a speed of 101.7 terabits per second using a method that employed 370 separate lasers, each one carrying a small amount of information, but combining to form a large, single data transfer sent down 165 kilometers of fiber optics.

Though these speeds aren’t practically applied anywhere as of yet, it’s not a stretch to think huge data centers may be using these methods of data transfer soon, as we live in a world dominated by the Internet, and companies like Google and Amazon are gigantic and show no signs of slowing down anytime soon. 7DNG2S92MQHH

Source: fiber optic cable supplier

what is singlemode fiber cable

In fiber optics technology singlemode fiber is one of two types of fiber currently in use. It is a single strand of glass fiber for a single ray (or mode) of light transmission. Singlemode fiber is used for long distance transmission.

Compare with multimode fiber

Source: fiber optic patch cord

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