Tag Archives: fiber connector

AFL unveils NOYES FOCIS PRO for fiber-optic connector inspection

AFL has unveiled the NOYES FOCIS PRO family of automatic fiber inspection systems. The fiber optic connector inspection systems automate the process of analyzing and documenting fiber connector cleanliness and integrity.

Designed for field inspection tasks, FOCIS PRO offers optical resolution and detection specifications that exceed current international standards, AFL asserts. The units’ software-based applications are upgradeable, which prolongs the FOCIS PRO units’ useful lifespans.

A FOCIS PRO System consists of the DFD1 Touchscreen Tablet, the DFS1 Digital FiberScope, and the new SimpleView PRO software. The units can help technicians center a fiber image; identify critical core, cladding, adhesive, and contact zones, and detect and record the types of defects found. Technicians can analyze a typical fiber in under five seconds, AFL asserts. Meanwhile, the unit’s Zoom/Pan feature and large display enable users to identify the smallest particles, scratches, and imperfections, the company adds.

The systems benefit from a patent-pending paired image feature designed to enable users to make immediate fiber cleanliness comparisons. Users can capture and save up to 1,000 fiber images, review images on-site, and share images via USB memory sticks or SD flash cards.

All of AFL’s FOCIS units can be upgraded to the functionality of FOCIS PRO.

“As network vendors pursue higher data rates associated with the substantial growth in data traffic, the demand for exceptional performance of network systems is becoming more and more crucial,” explained Bill Thompson, marketing director for AFL’s fiber optic test equipment division. “Simply stated, it is imperative that fibers are clean and free from defects. AFL’s FOCIS PRO system delivers a solution that supports these demanding requirements.”

What are Fiber Optic Attenuators

Fiber optic attenuators are used in applications where the optical signal is too strong and needs to be reduced. For example, in a multi-wavelength fiber optic system, you need to equalize the optical channel strength so that all the channels have similar power levels. This means to reduce stronger channels’ powers to match lower power channels.

The attenuation level is fixed at 5 dB, which means it reduces the optical power by 5dB. This attenuator has a short piece of fiber with metal ion doping that provides the specified attenuation.

There are many different mechanisms to reduce the optical power, this picture shows another mechanism used in one type of variable attenuator. Here variable means the attenuation level can be adjusted, for example, it could be from 1 dB up to 20dB.

Fiber optic attenuators are usually used in two scenarios.

The first case is in fiber optic power level testing. Attenuators are used to temporarily add a calibrated amount of signal loss in order to test the power level margins in a fiber optic communication system.

In the second case, attenuators are permanently installed in a fiber optic communication link to properly match transmitter and receiver optical signal levels.

Optical attenuators are typically classified as fixed or variable attenuators.

Fixed attenuators have a fixed optical power reduction number, such as 1dB, 5dB, 10dB, etc.

Variable attenuators’ attenuation level can be adjusted, such as from 0.5 dB to 20dB, or even 50dB. Some variable attenuators have very fine resolution, such as 0.1dB, or even 0.01dB.

This slide shows many different optical attenuator designs.

The female to female fixed attenuators work like a regular adapter. But instead of minimizing insertion loss, it purposely adds some attenuation.

The female to female variable attenuators are adjustable by turning a nut in the middle. The nut adjusts the air gap in the middle to achieve different attenuation levels.

The male to female fixed attenuators work as fiber connectors, you can just plug in your existing fiber connector to its female side.

The in-line patch cable type variable attenuators work as regular patch cables, but your can adjust its attenuation level by turning the screw.

For precise testing purposes, engineers have also designed instrument type variable attenuators. These instrument type attenuators have high attenuation ranges, such as from 0.5 dB to 70dB. They also have very fine resolution, such as 0.01dB. This is critical for accurate testing.

Source: fiber optic cable manufacturer

The Types of Fiber Optic Connector

Fiber optic connector is used to join optical fiber where a connect/disconnect capability is required. The basic connector unit is a connector assembly. A connector assembly consists of an adapter and two connector plugs. A variety of optical fiber connectors are available, but SC and LC connectors are the most common types of connectors on the market.

Different connectors are required for multimode, and for single-mode fibers. The example shown is a fiber ST connector. We supply professional fiber ST connetor sales. ST connector is the most popular connector for multimode networks, like most buildings and campuses. It has a bayonet mount and a long cylindrical ferrule to hold the fiber. Most ferrules are ceramic, but some are metal or plastic. And because they are spring-loaded, you have to make sure they are seated properly. If you have high loss, reconnect them to see if it makes a difference.It has a long 2.5mm diameter ferrule made of ceramic (zirconia), stainless alloy or plastic. It mates with a interconnection adapter and is latched into place by twisting to engage a spring-loaded bayonet socket.

Instead a fiber mating sleeve sits is very important. Unlike electronic connectors, most fiber optic connectors don’t have jack and plug design. Instead a fiber mating sleeve (adapter, or coupler) sits between two connectors. At the center of the adapter there is a cylindrical sleeve made of ceramic (zirconia) or phosphor bronze. Ferrules slide into the sleeve and mate to each other. The adapter body provides mechanism to hold the connector bodies such as snap-in, push-and-latch, twist-on or screwed-on. The total amount of insertion loss for fiber optic connectors should remain below 1 dB. Fiber alignment is the critical parameter in maintaining the total insertion loss below the required level. There is only a small amount of control over coupling loss resulting from fiber mismatches, because the loss results from inherent fiber properties.

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